Very busy summer, for lots of people besides us.

Good farming!  Regular rains bear out what Dan Kittredge says about hydration:  just keeping your plants watered will make a really big difference in productivity, not only because plants need water, but because they need water to conduct the minerals they need, and because their symbiotic soil bacteria and fungi need water to live and do their jobs, too.  Now, in early July, the potatoes are waist high (no kidding) and a beautiful dark green, with no potato bugs.  Wow.  By this time our gardens have usually been the battle ground of many a campaign against potato bugs, with victory still divided between the humans and the insects.  Not that the only defense has been regular hydration; we’ve fed these plants three doses of very stinky jeeva (see previous post on ‘poo-brew).


IMG_5287[1]How much of Appalachia is disappearing under our up to eight-foot-tall invasive species, Japanese knotweed?  Known locally as ‘river weed’, this one moves in wherever there is bare ground in mixed sunlight and shade.  It spreads by means of underground stems like octopus tentacles, and its vigor has to be seen to be believed.  We’re supposed to fight it with bulldozers and herbicides, but our Katahdins love the stuff.  Look where they were grazing last week:IMG_5283[1]

several passes this summer with the sheep should start this bank filling in with grass . . .



Spring has come just in time to save our dispositions!  The young apple tree on the bank of the root cellar has broken out in bloom, the cows are out on good green grass at last, and the heifer calf that got herself stuck in a hot fence and was laid up in the nurse pen has found a new interest and is out with the ewes and lambs.  IMG_5155

— and the peas and carrots we put out in hope back in February are reaching for the sun!IMG_5156

See you in Asheville — #MENF !

We took a trial run down to Asheville for a workshop on bionutrients by Dan Kittredge at Living Web Farms.  It was wonderful, and the little city of Asheville is one of the most beautifully situated we have ever seen, very much at home in its mountains.  We’re looking forward to going back in two weeks to speak at the Mother Earth News Fair, May 6-7, on rotational grazing and regenerating abused land.  Hope to see you there — #MENF!babybull1These are season-appropriate topics, we think, as we move animals over the gorgeous new green grass and marvel at how much the land has improved since we first began intensively grazing what was then some much-eroded, compacted, weed- and briar-infested rock and clay hillside.   Delphinium, our five-year-old Jersey-Ayershire cross, calved last week, a lovely little red bull, so now we have milk for cheese making — just in time, too, as there are only two more seven-pound goudas left from the fall cheese-making last year.


Known around here under the euphemism ‘poo-brew’.  Mix it up in a 55 gallon barrel:  cow manure, cow urine (we catch it in a bucket when someone forgets where she is and pees in the milking parlor), a couple of handfuls of dirt from an undisturbed site like maybe the woodlot, or under a bush, plus some jaggery (raw sugar) and bean flour.  Recommended proportions vary widely.  Top the barrel up with water and stir once a day for up to a week.  The smell is more than intense!  We used this on and under the winter squash lasts summer.  Beautiful large crop, despite the fact that the soil in that bed was mostly clay.

We post this to say that we have had, we think, excellent success substituting whey (a gallon or two) for the jaggery and bean flour — still contains sugar and protein, but tons of probiotics, too.

jobs for chickens

chickens in low tunnel   Thirteen mixed hens, mostly Rhode Island Reds, are all that is left of the flock of two years ago, the year the coyotes were so bold in daytime raids.  We keep them separate from the Buckeyes which have replaced them, mostly using the Reds to groom pastures or till green manures into the big garden plots, but they have laid decently for us on their diet of mixed fermented grains, meat scraps, and greens, with a little dairy waste thrown in.

This winter they have been housed in one of the tall chicken tractors (there’s a picture  somewhere, but all I can find is this one of hens in a low tunnel), plastic covered, and furnished with two nesting boxes — these last have been mostly extraneous, but one fertile hen has continued to make her offering every day.  We park the tractor in the home garden, where it just straddles two 30 inch beds and the path between them; in two days the chickens have ripped out all the chickweed we are so prone to in winter.  Then we move them forward.  It’ll be weeks before they’ve cleaned all the beds we need done.  We could just let them out to forage the whole garden during the day, since that plot is tightly fenced, but the high tunnel full of spinach is in there, too, and with the warm weather we’ve been having the tunnel has had to be left open, and wouldn’t the hens have a hayday in there if they could.  Better to keep them penned (the chickens don’t agree) and keep their impact concentrated where it does the most good.

We were asked recently about regenerative techniques for land adjacent to an auto shop which appeared to be laden with automotive chemicals.  So far corn, sunflowers and brassicas are coming to the top of the list in our research.

Just a note:  if we were growing these plants on contaminated soil, we would probably cut and compost them initially, certainly we would not graze them with meat or dairy animals, since heavy metals tend to get concentrated in muscle and milk —